This posteroanterior (PA) view radiograph of an infant with achondrogenesis type II shows the relatively large calvaria with normal cranial ossification, short and flared thorax, bell-shaped cage and shorter ribs without fractures, relatively well ossified iliac bone with long crescent-shaped medial and inferior margins, and short tubular bones. The sacrum, pubis, and ischium are not visible.
An infant with achondrogenesis type II. Note the protuberant abdomen and extremely short lower extremities.
Judíos ortodoxos en Szeroka, Cracovia (Polonia). Julio de 2008.
Hyperthyroidism - the same disorder that causes goiters - can also cause bulging eyes, as shown in this 1908 photograph. As the eyes protrude, the tend to dry out, sometimes resulting in scarring, infection, and blindness. Hyperthyroidism is also known as Grave’s disease.